A Survey of Lichens and Bryophytes in White Spruce, Picea glauca, Tree Islands on a Calcareous Beach Ridge in Northeastern Manitoba


  • Michele D. Piercey-Normore Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2




Picea glauca, White Spruce, beach ridge, bryophytes, epiphytic lichens, krummholz, Manitoba


Studies on the diversity of lichens and bryophytes in northern ecosystems have focused on open tundra and boreal forests. Krummholz tree islands have received little attention. This study examined species’ diversity of lichens and bryophytes among islands of White Spruce trees in northern Manitoba. Thirty-three species were found in the tree islands with 11 additional species forming the understorey layer. The trees were dominated by epiphytic lichens and the understorey was dominated by pleurocarpous mosses. The most common lichens were widespread species. Rare lichens in the study area included Protopannaria pezizoides and Alectoria nigricans growing in the shaded interior of the tree islands. The age and density of the tree islands may produce habitat conditions different from those in mature White Spruce boreal forests. Comparative studies between White Spruce krummholz and other White Spruce stands are needed.